Rodenticides are necessary tools for the control of rodent infestations. Although commonly used in agricultural settings to keep mice and rats from infesting feed and produce storage, they are also often needed in and around homes. Unfortunately, the products used for pest control can harm unintended animals who consume the bait, or those who eat animals that have previously ingested the rodenticide. Here are some tips from Neogen’s professional services veterinarian, Dr. Joe Lyman, for protecting your pets from rodenticides:
Apply rodenticides in protected areas
The most obvious way to protect pets is to make sure they never consume any rodenticide products. Keeping the bait in an area that your pet does not have access to, but rodents frequent, is the first step in protection. Attics or crawlspaces make ideal places for bait since these are usually unreachable by household animals. However, you should never underestimate your pet’s ability to shove, chew or avoid obstacles in trying to reach and explore a curious new smell. Don’t assume that if the bait is in a small nook or behind a piece of furniture that your pet won’t be able to find it. This is why it is best to keep a solid wall between your pet and the bait if possible.
Use bait stations
Bait stations are boxes or tubes designed to allow a rodent to enter and consume the bait, while preventing larger animals from reaching inside. Keeping the rodenticide inside a bait station will keep all but the most determined of pets from eating the bait. If given sufficient time, however, dogs have been known to destroy poorly built bait stations. When selecting a bait station, make sure to keep in mind the material and construction relative to your particular pet’s tendencies. Also, keep the bait station secure and protected from your pet for an additional layer of protection.
Read and keep the packaging
Before using any rodenticide, read the label completely to ensure proper use. In the case of accidental exposure, it is important to have the original packaging accessible as each package will have a phone number to call in case of exposure. In addition, the package will have a listing of the active ingredients that will enable your veterinarian to know how to treat your animal if they necessary. Not all rodenticides work the same way, so it is vitally important for the veterinarian to know this information.
Don’t panic, but call immediately
Stay calm, but don’t wait to see whether your animal will become ill after an exposure. The best course of action is an immediate call to the number(s) listed on the packages and your veterinarian. In some cases, your veterinarian will want to see the animal immediately or give directions for steps to be taken at home to limit the effects of the exposure.
Remove affected rodents
Don’t let your pet have an opportunity to ingest a rodent that has consumed bait. Monitor for dead rodents and dispose of them whenever they are found.
Recognize the signs
If your pet shows depression, weakness, seizures, muscle tremors, abnormal bleeding or bruising, abdominal pain, lack of appetite, or lethargy following application of rodenticides in its range, it is important to seek veterinary treatment. The longer you wait after noticing clinical signs, the more potential there is for harm to your animal.
Nothing is worse than a rodent problem, and rodenticides can be an important part of management. Recognizing the risks and taking appropriate measures to protect your pets will allow you to continue to use rodenticides in a safe and effective manner.
This blog was written by Neogen’s professional services veterinarian, Dr. Joe Lyman (pictured left).
For more information on Neogen’s animal safety division, click here.