Water troughs identified as E. coli sites on cattle farms

In any facility where animals are raised, especially for food production, a considerable amount of effort goes into completing one of many goals: preventing E. coli from getting anywhere it’s not supposed to be.

To a certain degree, E. coli is inevitable; it naturally exists harmlessly in the intestines of people and animals. The problem […]

Biofilms and water line biosecurity

One of the biggest obstacles to keeping animal production facilities clean sounds a lot more complicated than it really is: biofilm, a surface-coating layer of polymeric extracellular secretions and microorganisms that accumulate on a matrix over time.

In simpler terms, biofilms are layers of slime that make it difficult to entirely clean and disinfect a […]